[ RadSafe ] Oak Ridge Associated Universities accused of bias in nuclear weapons workers' compensation

James Salsman james at bovik.org
Sun Apr 9 08:03:35 CDT 2006


Rep. Probes Nuclear Compensation Program

by NANCY ZUCKERBROD, Associated Press Writer
Sat Apr 8, 12:37 PM ET

For years, radiation experts at the nation's nuclear weapons sites 
failed to adequately protect workers from on-the-job hazards. Now, some 
of those experts are helping run a compensation program for the workers.

The situation has attracted the attention of Congress, with one lawmaker 
pressing for an investigation into whether the workers are being treated 

Rep. John Hostettler recently wrote to the investigative arm of Congress 
to ask whether the contractor running the compensation program has 
policies that are "sufficient to ensure that conflicts or biases do not 
taint the credibility and quality of the science produced to date."

Hostettler, R-Ind., is chairman of a House subcommittee that deals with 
people bringing claims against the government.

Critics contend that the contractor, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, 
has put into key jobs people who have managed radiation monitoring 
programs at the weapons sites. In some cases, those people were 
witnesses for the government when it fought compensation claims.

Jim Melius, who is on a presidential advisory board that oversees the 
program, said, "It's so critical for this program to be credible and for 
the claimants to have an understanding and confidence that the people 
who were monitoring them — and maybe in some cases failing to monitor 
them properly — will not be the people passing judgment on their 
exposures and on their compensation."

Nearly 73,000 workers or their survivors have filed claims under the 
program, according to the Labor Department.

Government officials say they are preparing a policy that will spell out 
how the contractor should handle conflicts of interest.

"It's a very difficult, complex dilemma that we face," said Larry 
Elliott, who heads the office of compensation in the National Institute 
for Occupational Safety and Health. The agency oversees the contract.

Elliott said the guidelines would try to balance the need to rely on the 
radiation experts at the nuclear facilities for their knowledge of the 
sites with concerns about potential biases.

He said it was difficult to find experts on the effects of radiation who 
were not tied to the government's nuclear weapons program.

"There is a limited pool of experts here," he said.

Kate Kimpan, who directs the contractor's program, said her group will 
adhere to the guidelines and "ensure that our conclusions are beyond 

Five years ago, Congress decided to compensate the Cold War-era workers 
— tens of thousands of whom worked at sites nationwide — after the 
government admitted putting them at risk of cancer caused by radiation 
exposure. Sick workers get $150,000 plus medical benefits.

The Oak Ridge, Tenn.-based contractor is writing reports that detail 
hazards at weapons facilities. The reports are blueprints the contractor 
is using to estimate how much radiation workers were exposed to.

Critics say some of the authors appear biased.

Kelly Schmidt, a worker and union leader at the Hanford site in 
Washington state, has complained that authors of the Hanford report 
managed important aspects of the radiation program there.

Schmidt noted that a version of the report stated it was unlikely 
workers received large intakes of radiation that went unnoticed because 
there was "rigorous workplace monitoring" at Hanford.

"It gives the impression that they're saying, 'Gosh, we did a great 
job,'" Schmidt said.

An auditor working for the advisory board raised concerns, too, saying 
the Hanford report relied too heavily on the ability of shields placed 
around nuclear reactors to protect workers from radiation.

The auditor also found that the Hanford report did not account for all 
the possible radiation that workers who handled recycled uranium might 
have been exposed to.

An audit of Oak Ridge Associated Universities' report describing the 
Y-12 weapons plant in Tennessee found that exposure to radiation from 
thorium and plutonium was not adequately accounted for.

An audit of the report the contractor did involving the Rocky Flats 
facility in Colorado found that the authors did not cast a critical 
enough eye on "possible data integrity issues." That is a reference, in 
part, to documents indicating workers had no radiation exposure when 
evidence would suggest otherwise.

Some workers there are upset that a manager of the radiation monitoring 
program, Roger Falk, was an author.

"By admitting that he didn't keep accurate records, he would be 
admitting that he didn't do a good job," said Tony DeMaiori, the former 
president of the local chapter of the United Steelworkers Union. "He is 
not objective."

The contractor declined to make Falk available to The Associated Press.

Kimpan, the program manager, said that under the new guidelines, site 
reports would include more details regarding who contributed to them and 

She also said there would be more oversight and more rigorous editing of 
the reports, though she reiterated that the experts who ran the 
monitoring programs would still be relied on.

One instance where there is some agreement of a problem involves the 
report for the Paducah uranium plant in Kentucky.

Carol Berger wrote the report for the compensation contractor and 
previously wrote an analysis assessing radiation exposure at Paducah for 
an Energy Department contractor. Berger copied parts of her old report 
into the new one, even though her earlier work had been challenged for 
underestimating radiation hazards in a subsequent Energy Department study.

"Do I think a conflict of interest occurred at Paducah? Yes, I do," said 
Elliott, of NIOSH.

The report is being revised.


On the Net:

Compensation Program: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ocas/

Oak Ridge Associated Universities: http://www.orau.org/

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