[ RadSafe ] Dental X-ray Doses

Hansen, Richard (CONTR) HansenRG at nv.doe.gov
Tue Jun 7 10:07:44 CDT 2011


This is not my area of expertise, but the NCRP Report No. 160 has the following information.
The dose depends on whether you want the dose per image (5 uSv) or dose per examination (90 uSv for 18 images).

Ionizing radiation exposure of the population of the United States. NCRP Report No. 160 
Pg 100-101

Based on the number of dental bitewing film packets sold in the United States per year (in 2006), 500 million bitewing images were taken in 2006. 
Effective dose per image estimated at 1 to 22 uSv, with 5 uSv used as the average effective dose per image.
Assuming 18 images in a full-mouth series, gives an effective dose per examination of 18 to 400 uSv (or 90 uSv per examination using the average of 5 uSv per image)

Quotes from Report:
Effective Dose (or effective dose equivalent)
Dental: bitewing and full-mouth survey
(per image, not per examination)	     0.005 mSv
Dental panoramic 0.01 mSV
Dental cephalometric  0.012 mSv

For dental exposures, the dose per image data were derived
from Gibbs (2000) and are comparable to Ludlow et al. (2008) using
the ICRP (1991) formulation for E. ICRP (2007a) has included additional
tissues to be considered when calculating E* (brain and salivary
glands separately; and extrathoracic region, lymphatic nodes,
and oral mucosa in the remainder category). Ludlow et al. (2008)
have incorporated this information and, based on measured doses
in the relevant tissues and organs, estimate that the value of E*
would range from 1 to 22 uSv per image for a bitewing or full-mouth
series, assuming 18 images in a full-mouth series. In particular,
Ludlow et al. (2008) estimate E* at 21 uSv for commonly used round
collimation and D-speed film. The Ludlow et al. (2008) E* value for
a panoramic examination ranges from 14 to 24 uSv and the value
for a cephalometric examination is ~5 uSv.

Rick Hansen
Senior Scientist
CTOS - Center for Radiological/Nuclear Training at the Nevada National Security Site
National Security Technologies, LLC
Contractor to the United States Department of Energy
hansenrg at nv.doe.gov

Date: Mon, 06 Jun 2011 12:01:59 -0500
From: Doug Huffman <doug.huffman at wildblue.net>
Subject: Re: [ RadSafe ] Dental X-ray doses
To: "The International Radiation Protection (Health Physics) Mailing
	List"	<radsafe at health.phys.iit.edu>

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_x-ray  "The dosage of X-ray
radiation received by a dental patient is typically small (around 0.005
mSv), equivalent to a few days' worth of background environmental
radiation exposure, or similar to the dose received during a
cross-country airplane flight (concentrated into one short burst aimed
at a small area)."

On 6/6/2011 11:40, Otto G. Raabe wrote:
>> Can anyone please tell me the typical ionizing radiation dose from
>> dental X-rays with the curremt modern equipment?
> Thanks...
> Otto
> **********************************************
> Prof. Otto G. Raabe, Ph.D., CHP
> Center for Health & the Environment
> University of California
> One Shields Avenue
> Davis, CA 95616
> E-Mail: ograabe at ucdavis.edu
> Phone: (530) 752-7754   FAX: (530) 758-6140
> ***********************************************
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