[ RadSafe ] Remembering the Other Weapon of Mass Destruction
maurysis at peoplepc.com
Tue Aug 7 06:51:39 CDT 2012
I question the description of "coverup" and "hidden" in the blog below,
but believe the essence of this story is important and is correct, It
seems not widely known that Japan did have a nuclear (or atomic) program
in WW2 and they did conduct substantial human research on chemical and
biological weapons. And the US did explicitly forgo war crimes trials
against Japanese leaders in return for turning over extensive Japanese
biological research data to the US.
If you are interested in pursuing these topics, then looking into the
German submarine U-234 in WW2 will really tickle your fancy.
I question the suggestion of germ warfare by the US in the Korean War,
but I do not know. I neither saw nor heard of any such operations while
in Korea in 1950-51.
Remembering the Other Weapon of Mass Destruction
I first wrote this blog entry in 2006 after reading an amazing book
called ?A Plague Upon Humanity? by Daniel Barenblatt. It tells the story
of the hidden history of Japan?s biological warfare program before and
during WW II. Since we are remembering the atomic bombing of Hiroshima
and Nagasaki this week I thought we also should remember the origins of
another weapon of mass destruction - biological weapons.
Barenblatt begins by revealing how Japan created a phony pretext in
order to start the Manchurian war. In September 1931 Japanese army
engineers secretly blew up the Japanese-owned South Manchurian Railway
near Shenyang. The Japanese government then immediately blamed the
explosion upon Chinese soldiers garrisoned nearby. Japan then attacked
the Chinese troops, sleeping in their barracks at the time. A war was
Early on Japan set up a biological warfare (BW) unit led by Shiro Ishii.
BW units were established throughout Manchuria and China in Japanese
army occupied territory. At these locations Chinese freedom fighters and
civilians were used as lab rats and were given lethal doses of bubonic
plague, cholera, smallpox, typhus and typhoid. Bodies of infected
prisoners were cut open, often while people still lived, to study the
effects of the biological contamination. Japan?s BW program used
infected rats and fleas, dropped from airplanes, to spread the deadly
diseases killing entire Chinese villages. Hundreds of thousands of
innocent Chinese civilians were killed by Japan.
As WW II widened throughout the Pacific, Japan took their BW campaign to
Japanese occupied islands. Japan also sent disease laden animals into
Russia in hopes of spreading disease into that country. American
prisoners of war were experimented on in Japanese labs as well.
Following Japanese surrender at the end of WW II one would have thought
that these crimes against humanity would have been exposed and punished,
similar to Nazi war crimes at the Nuremberg trials. But this was not the
case. General Douglas MacArthur made a deal with Japan?s chief BW
expert, Shiro Ishii, protecting him from prosecution by literally
covering up the entire BW story. Ishii and his BW team gave their
expertise to the U.S. According to Barenblatt, ?Not only did they escape
war crimes proceedings and public scrutiny by virtue of their
cooperation with the U.S. occupation authorities, they also became
prominent public health officials and respected academic figures in
Japanese university and government circles. A few became quite wealthy
as executives of pharmaceutical companies.?
The Soviet Union knew about Japan?s BW program and in late 1949 called
for Ishii to be apprehended and tried by the U.S. occupation forces in
Japan as the ringleader of the secret Japanese program. In response,
Gen. MacArthur?s office in Tokyo denounced the Soviet charges of
Japanese biological warfare and a U.S. cover-up as evidence of communist
In fact on March 13, 1948 the U.S. War Department cabled instructions to
Gen. MacArthur in Japan to give ?immunity? to Japanese BW operatives.
?Information retained from Ishii and associates may be retained in
intelligence channels,? the instructions concluded.
There were war crimes trials in Japan after WW II. B.V.A. Roling, the
last surviving judge from the Tokyo trials, who represented the
Netherlands on the international tribunal, learned of this American
deception many years later. ?As one of the judges in the International
Military Tribunal for the Far East, it is a bitter experience for me to
be informed now that centrally ordered Japanese war criminality of the
most disgusting kind was kept secret from the Court by the U.S.
government,? Roling wrote. The U.S. should be ?ashamed because of the
fact they withheld information from the Court with respect to the
biological experiments of the Japanese in Manchuria on Chinese and
American prisoners of war,? he said.
In the 1950?s Ishii was secretly taken to the U.S. to lecture at Fort
Detrick, MD on how to best conduct germ warfare. And as the Korean War
heated up, Ishii was used by the U.S. to advise on how to spread deadly
disease in that war against North Korean and Chinese forces. North
Korea, China and the Soviet Union all claimed in 1951-52 that the U.S.
Pentagon was using germ warfare on a large scale in the Korean War.
The Chinese showed footage and photographs of metallic U.S. shells that
snapped open upon hitting the ground, releasing a swarming cargo of
insects that unleashed bubonic plague, smallpox, and anthrax. This
method of delivery had been a favorite of Japan?s BW program.
Barenblatt notes that an international scientific investigating team,
headed by a highly noted British biochemist from Cambridge University,
did research in Korea and issued a report saying that sudden appearances
of insects and spiders, of species not normally known in the region, in
winter, and in association with the dropping of strange containers and
objects by U.S. military planes were evidence of bio-warfare. Lab tests
performed on fleas discovered in such unusual circumstances, positively
showed the presence of bubonic plague bacteria.
In some cases, U.S. military jets, usually F-86 fighters, had flown over
Korea dropping masses of fowl feathers tainted with anthrax.
In 1956 American journalist John Powell was charged with 13 counts of
sedition for trying to expose the U.S. BW campaign in Korea. In 1953
former FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover brought Powell before congressional
committees charging him with ?un-American activities.? Years later, in
the 1980?s, Powell?s story was finally aired in an article in the
Bulletin of Atomic Scientists.
So as we today hear China warning about the re-arming of Japan, with
full support and encouragement of the U.S., can we not see some
historical precedent for their worry? Both Japan and the U.S. have
shown, since WW II, that they will use extreme measures to subdue Korea
and China in the quest for control and domination of the Asia-Pacific.
As the U.S. today doubles its military presence in the Asian-Pacific
region, can there be any doubt that China and Korea have not forgotten
the stories of the past? Stories that to most Americans are unknown and
long covered up.
Bruce K. Gagnon
Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space
PO Box 652
Brunswick, ME 04011
globalnet at mindspring.com
Thank God men cannot fly, and lay waste the sky as well as the earth.
~Henry David Thoreau
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