[ RadSafe ] Fwd: [New post] Dr Helen Caldicott explains the facts on radiation
rwhelbig at gmail.com
Fri May 2 03:58:26 CDT 2014
This probably is miseducating a lot of young impressionable people who
will grow in importance as they season through the years ! Perhaps,
it should have a reply from genuine experts in the same forum.
---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: nuclear-news <comment-reply at wordpress.com>
Date: Thu, May 1, 2014 at 9:06 PM
Subject: [New post] Dr Helen Caldicott explains the facts on radiation
To: rwhelbig at gmail.com
Christina MacPherson posted: "The impact of the nuclear crisis on
global health Australian Medical Student Journal By Helen Caldicott in
Volume 4, Issue 2 2014 ".......Types of ionizing radiation X-rays are
electromagnetic, and cause mutations the instant they pass through the
Respond to this post by replying above this line
New post on nuclear-news
Dr Helen Caldicott explains the facts on radiation
by Christina MacPherson
The impact of the nuclear crisis on global health Australian Medical
Student Journal By Helen Caldicott in Volume 4, Issue 2 2014
".......Types of ionizing radiation
X-rays are electromagnetic, and cause mutations the instant they pass
through the body.
Similarly, gamma radiation is also electromagnetic, being emitted by
radioactive materials generated in nuclear reactors and from some
naturally occurring radioactive elements in the soil.
Alpha radiation is particulate and is composed of two protons and two
neutrons emitted from uranium atoms and other dangerous elements
generated in reactors (such as plutonium, americium, curium,
einsteinium, etc - all which are known as alpha emitters and have an
atomic weight greater than uranium). Alpha particles travel a very
short distance in the human body. They cannot penetrate the layers of
dead skin in the epidermis to damage living skin cells. But when these
radioactive elements enter the lung, liver, bone or other organs, they
transfer a large dose of radiation over a long period of time to a
very small volume of cells. Most of these cells are killed; however,
some on the edge of the radiation field remain viable to be mutated,
and cancer may later develop. Alpha emitters are among the most
carcinogenic materials known.
Beta radiation, like alpha radiation, is also particulate. It is a
charged electron emitted from radioactive elements such as strontium
90, cesium 137 and iodine 131. The beta particle is light in mass,
travels further than an alpha particle and is also mutagenic.
Neutron radiation is released during the fission process in a reactor
or a bomb. Reactor 1 at Fukushima has been periodically emitting
neutron radiation as sections of the molten core become intermittently
critical. Neutrons are large radioactive particles that travel many
kilometers, and they pass through everything including concrete and
steel. There is no way to hide from them and they are extremely
So, let's describe just five of the radioactive elements that are
continually being released into the air and water at Fukushima.
Remember, though, there are over 200 such elements each with its own
half-life, biological characteristic and pathway in the food chain and
the human body. Most have never had their biological pathways
examined. They are invisible, tasteless and odourless. When the cancer
manifests it is impossible to determine its aetiology, but there is a
large body of literature proving that radiation causes cancer,
including the data from Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Tritium is radioactive hydrogen H3 and there is no way to separate
tritium from contaminated water as it combines with oxygen to form
H3O. There is no material that can prevent the escape of tritium
except gold, so all reactors continuously emit tritium into the air
and cooling water as they operate. It concentrates in aquatic
organisms, including algae, seaweed, crustaceans and fish, and also in
terrestrial food. Like all radioactive elements, it is tasteless,
odorless and invisible, and will therefore inevitably be ingested in
food, including seafood, for many decades. It passes unhindered
through the skin if a person is immersed in fog containing tritiated
water near a reactor, and also enters the body via inhalation and
ingestion. It causes brain tumors, birth deformities and cancers of
Cesium 137 is a beta and gamma emitter with a half-life of 30 years.
That means in 30 years only half of its radioactive energy has
decayed, so it is detectable as a radioactive hazard for over 300
years. Cesium, like all radioactive elements, bio-concentrates at each
level of the food chain. The human body stands atop the food chain. As
an analogue of potassium, cesium becomes ubiquitous in all cells. It
concentrates in the myocardium where it induces cardiac
irregularities, and in the endocrine organs where it can cause
diabetes, hypothyroidism and thyroid cancer. It can also induce brain
cancer, rhabdomyosarcomas, ovarian or testicular cancer and genetic
Strontium 90 is a high-energy beta emitter with a half-life of 28
years. As a calcium analogue, it is a bone-seeker. It concentrates in
the food chain, specifically milk (including breast milk), and is laid
down in bones and teeth in the human body. It can lead to carcinomas
of the bone and leukaemia.
Radioactive iodine 131 is a beta and gamma emitter. It has a half-life
of eight days and is hazardous for ten weeks. It bio-concentrates in
the food chain, in vegetables and milk, then in the the human thyroid
gland where it is a potent carcinogen, inducing thyroid disease and/or
thyroid cancer. It is important to note that of 174,376 children under
the age of 18 that have been examined by thyroid ultrasound in the
Fukushima Prefecture, 12 have been definitively diagnosed with thyroid
cancer and 15 more are suspected to have the disease. Almost 200,000
more children are yet to be examined. Of these 174,367 children, 43.2%
have either thyroid cysts and/or nodules.
In Chernobyl, thyroid cancers were not diagnosed until four years
post-accident. This early presentation indicates that these Japanese
children almost certainly received a high dose of radioactive iodine.
High doses of other radioactive elements released during the meltdowns
were received by the exposed population so the rate of cancer is
almost certain to rise.
Plutonium, one of the most deadly radioactive substances, is an alpha
emitter. It is highly toxic, and one millionth of a gram will induce
cancer if inhaled into the lung. As an iron analogue, it combines with
transferrin. It causes liver cancer, bone cancer, leukemia, or
multiple myeloma. It concentrates in the testicles and ovaries where
it can induce testicular or ovarian cancer, or genetic diseases in
future generations. It also crosses the placenta where it is
teratogenic, like thalidomide. There are medical homes near Chernobyl
full of grossly deformed children, the deformities of which have never
before been seen in the history of medicine.
The half-life of plutonium is 24,400 years, and thus it is radioactive
for 250,000 years. It will induce cancers, congenital deformities, and
genetic diseases for virtually the rest of time.
Plutonium is also fuel for atomic bombs. Five kilos is fuel for a
weapon which would vaporize a city. Each reactor makes 250 kg of
plutonium a year. It is postulated that less than one kilo of
plutonium, if adequately distributed, could induce lung cancer in
every person on earth...........http://www.amsj.org/archives/3487
Christina MacPherson | May 2, 2014 at 4:06 am | Categories: 2 WORLD,
radiation | URL: http://wp.me/phgse-he2
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