[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Radiation Research Contents November 19

From:   IN%"radiobiology@mailbase.ac.uk" 22-OCT-1996 14:04:51.20
To:     IN%"infomag@glas.apc.org", IN%"radiobiology@mailbase.ac.uk",
IN%"stubbsj @orau.gov"

Subj:   Radiation Research Contents November 1996

Return-path: <radiobiology-request@mailbase.ac.uk>
Received: from naga.mailbase.ac.uk ("port 63623"@naga.mailbase.ac.uk)
 by delphi.com (PMDF V5.0-7 #10880) id <01IAY2LQ5SLS91ER23@delphi.com> for
 jmuckerheide@delphi.com; Tue, 22 Oct 1996 14:04:49 -0400 (EDT)
Received: by naga.mailbase.ac.uk id <PAA06263@naga.mailbase.ac.uk>
 (8.7.5/ for naga.mailbase.ac.uk); Tue, 22 Oct 1996 15:18:09 +0100 (BST)
Received: from emout16.mail.aol.com by naga.mailbase.ac.uk id
 <PAA06227@naga.mailbase.ac.uk> (8.7.5/ for naga.mailbase.ac.uk)
 with SMTP; Tue, 22 Oct 1996 15:17:33 +0100 (BST)
Received: by emout16.mail.aol.com (8.6.12/8.6.12) id KAA28431; Tue,
 22 Oct 1996 10:16:55 -0400
Date: Tue, 22 Oct 1996 10:16:55 -0400
From: RadRes@aol.com
Subject: Radiation Research Contents November 1996
Sender: radiobiology-request@mailbase.ac.uk
To: infomag@glas.apc.org, radiobiology@mailbase.ac.uk, stubbsj@orau.gov
Reply-to: radiobiology@mailbase.ac.uk
Message-id: <961022101650_1448165922@emout16.mail.aol.com>
Content-transfer-encoding: 7BIT
Precedence: list
X-Unsub: To leave, send text 'leave radiobiology' to mailbase@mailbase.ac.uk
X-List: radiobiology@mailbase.ac.uk

Volume 146, Number 5, November 1996
Table of Contents

Hilmar M. Warenius, Matthew D. Jones and Christopher C. M. Thompson
Exit from G2 Phase after 2 Gy Gamma Irradiation Is Faster in 
Radiosensitive Human Cells with High Expression of the RAF1 
Proto-oncogene (p. 485)
Cells of human cell lines in vitro with high levels of the protein 
product of the RAF1 proto-oncogene are more radiosensitive and exit more 
rapidly from a G2/M-phase block caused by 2 Gy gamma irradiation.

Yao-Yu Chuang and Howard L. Liber
Effects of Cell Cycle Position on Ionizing Radiation Mutagenesis. I. 
Quantitative Assays of Two Genetic Loci in a Human Lymphoblastoid Cell 
Line (p. 494)
Chemically synchronized WTK1 human lymphoblast cells were irradiated in 
different phases of the cell cycle. Cells in late G1 to mid-S phase were 
most sensitive to radiation-induced mutation at the autosomal thymidine 
kinase locus, while cells in G1 phase were most sensitive at the X-linked 
hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase locus.

Iraimoudi S. Ayene, Cameron J. Koch and Robert E. Krisch
Simulation of the Cellular Oxygen Effect with an SV40 DNA Model System 
Using DNA Strand Breaks as an End Point (p. 501)
We have investigated the interaction of a reduced thiol (glutathione) and 
non-thiol OH radical scavenger (glycerol) in the chemical modification of 
radiation damage to SV40 DNA in aqueous solution. Similarity between 
oxygen enhancement ratios (OERs) observed in our in vitro model system 
and OERs observed in cells by others indicate that non-thiol OH radical 
scavengers play a major role in the cellular oxygen effect.

J. R. Milligan, C. C. L. Wu, J. Y-Y. Ng, J. A. Aguilera and J. F. Ward
Characterization of the Reaction Rate Coefficient of DNA with the 
Hydroxyl Radical (p. 514)
We have measured the second-order rate constant for the reaction of the 
hydroxyl radical with DNA as a function of the scavenging capacity of the 
solution. The rate constant increases with increasing scavenging 
capacity, rising from about 5 x 10^8 dm^3 mol^-1 s^-1 at 10^5 s^-1 to 
about 10^10 dm^3 mol^-1 s^-1 at 10^10 s^-1.

K. Chabita, A. Saha, P. C. Mandal, S. N. Bhattacharyya, M. C. Rath and T. 
Reactions of OH and e^- aq Adducts of Cytosine and Its Nucleosides or 
Nucleotides with Cu(II) Ions in Dilute Aqueous Solutions: A Steady-State 
and Pulse Radiolysis Study (p. 514)
Studies on the reactions of OH and e^- aq adducts of cytosine and its 
derivatives with Cu(II) ions show that the OH adducts form an 
intermediate containing Cu-C bond which decays to give glycol as the 
major product, but the e^- aq adducts transfer electron to Cu(II) and the 
parent base is regenerated.

D. L. Lundgren, F. F. Hahn, W. C. Griffith, A. F. Hubbs, K. J. Nikula, G. 
J. Newton, R. G. Cuddihy and B. B. Boecker
Pulmonary Carcinogenicity of Relatively Low Doses of Beta-Particle 
Radiation from Inhaled Cerium-144 Dioxide in Rats (p. 525)
This study was conducted to examine the carcinogenic effects of chronic 
beta-particle irradiation of the lung from inhaled beta-particle-emitting 
radionuclides. We concluded that the linear risk of lung neoplasms was 
constant at a value of approximately 47 excess lung neoplasms per 10^4 
rat Gy over a range of 3.6 to 37 Gy.

Kristen J. Nikula, Bruce A. Muggenburg, William C. Griffith, William W. 
Carlton, Thomas E. Fritz and Bruce B. Boecker
Biological Effects of Cesium-137 Chloride Injected in Beagle Dogs of 
Different Ages (p. 536)
Results of two studies of the toxicity of cesium-137 in the beagle dog 
conducted at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the Inhalation 
Toxicology Research Institute were compared. In general, the early and 
late effects were similar in both groups of dogs; however, the design of 
the ANL study revealed and age- and gender-related differential 
radiosensitivity for early effects.

Vincent Gregoire, Nancy R. Hunter, William A. Brock, Walter N. Hittelman, 
William Plunkett and Luka Milas
Improvement in the Therapeutic Ratio of Radiotherapy for a Murine Sarcoma 
by Indomethacin plus Fludarabine (p. 548)
Fludarabine, an effective inhibitor of repair of radiation-induced 
chromosome breaks, substantially increases the therapeutic ratio of 
fractionated-dose radiotherapy for a murine sarcoma.

Jacek Capala, Michael S. Makar and Jeffrey A. Coderre
Accumulation of Boron in Malignant and Normal Cells Incubated In Vitro 
with Boronophenylalanime, Mercaptoborane or Boric Acid (p. 554)
A method is described for direct measurement of intracellular drug 
concentration in cultured cells. The method is applied to several 
boronated compounds in both normal and tumor cell lines.

Junru Wang and Mike E. C. Robbins
Radiation-Induced Alteration of Rat Mesangial Cell Transforming Growth 
Factor-Beta and Expression of the Genes Associated with the Extracellular 
Matrix (p. 561)
Irradiation of rat mesangial cells in vitro results in alteration in gene 
expression both of the isoforms of TGF-beta and some extracellular matrix 
genes, i.e. fibronectin and biglycan. The alteration of TGF-beta is 
isoform-specific; TGF-beta1 mRNA levels were increased; TGF-beta2 
remained unaltered, and TGF-beta3 levels decreased significantly.

Lev M. Rozhdestvensky, Elena N. Shcherbova, Arkady N. Sernichenko and 
Alexander A. Konradov
The Phenomenology and Possible Mechanisms of a New Experimental Method 
for Accelerating Postirradiation Restoration of Hemopoietic Stem Cell 
Potential (p. 569)
Extraction of bone marrow from one or several bones immediately after 
irradiation, with or without subsequent incubation for a short period 
under suitable conditions, and subsequent reimplantation into the same 
organism can reduce the lethal effect of irradiation in a number of 
species. The results suggest that there exist some reserves that can be 
stimulated to accelerated hemopoietic restoration in an irradiated animal.

Andrzej Wojcik and Christian Streffer
Analysis of the Relationship between Radiosensitivity and Cell Age in 
Proliferating Mouse Spleen Lymphocytes (p. 577)
The radiosensitivity of the first cell cycle (irradiation time: 24 h 
after stimulation) in mouse lymphocytes was compared to that of later 
cell cycles (irradiation time: 48 h) by analyzing chromosomal 
aberrations. No significant differences in aberration frequencies were 
found between cells irradiated at the two times, indicating that their 
radiosensitivity does not differ.

Keiichiro Ishii, Yoshio Hosoi, Shougo Yamada, Tetsuya Ono and Kiyohiko 
Decreased Incidence of Thymic Lymphoma in AKR Mice as a Result of 
Chronic, Fractionated Low-Dose Total-Body X Irradiation (p. 582)
Male AKR mice were irradiated with 5 cGy three times a week or 15 cGy two 
times a week from 11 weeks of age for 40 weeks. The incidence of thymic 
lymphoma was 80.5% in sham-irradiated mice, 67.5% in mice irradiated with 
5 cGy three times a week and 48.6% in mice irradiated with 15 cGy twice a 

Allan J. Franko, Gia-Khanh Nguyen, Janet Sharplin and Richard Vriend
A Comparison of the Ultrastructure of Perfusion-Deficient and Functional 
Lung Parenchyma in CBA Mice during the Late Phase after Irradiation (p. 
Inadequate perfusion of substantial portions of lung has been proposed as 
the principal lesion responsible for late deaths in mice which show 
little radiation-induced fibrosis. An ultrastructural study of the 
perfused and nonperfused portions of irradiated lung indicates that 
insufficient interstitial fibrosis or capillary abnormality is present to 
account for lack of perfusion, suggesting that the lesion responsible 
occurs in small blood vessels.

H. H. Rossi and M. Zaider
Comment on the Contribution of Neutrons to the Biological Effect at 
Hiroshima (p. 590)

Donald A. Pierce, Yukiko Shimizu, Dale A. Preston, Michael Vaeth and 
Kiyohiko Mabuchi
Response to the Letter of Drs. Rossi and Zaider (p. 591)

Copyright: Radiation Research Society, Oak Brook, Illinois, 1996.