[ RadSafe ] Stack Emission Limits - Clarification
BLHamrick at aol.com
BLHamrick at aol.com
Sat Feb 10 14:32:03 CST 2007
To all,
A kind, brave soul pointed out that in my earlier message, I had relied on
the wrong ALI for Cs-137. I kept thinking something was wrong, and re-checked
the math, but never went back to the source. I had pulled out the ingestion
ALI, not the inhalation ALI.
So (recognizing the limitations of converting ALI's to dose), indeed you
cannot meet the time-averaged annual concentration limit in 10 CFR 20, Appendix
B and exceed a 100 millirem dose to a member of the public:
(2E-4 uCi/ml x 1 min) + (0 uCi/ml x 525,599 min)]/525,600 min (per year) =
3.8E-10 uCi/ml, which exceeds the 10 CFR 20, Appendix B effluent limit for
Cs-137 (which is 2 E-10 uCi/ml).
Now that I think about it, Otto's question may have been more along the
lines of this:
Say, I release 2E-4 uCi/ml x 1 min, at an exhaust rate of V/min, so I
release 2E-4 x V uCi total. Then, I run my exhaust the rest of the year with no
releases at a rate of U/min, such that the final "annual" concentration is:
(2E-4 x V)/[(V x 1 min) + (U x 525,599 min) < 2E-10 uCi/ml, which will be
true if my ratio of U/V is high enough.
I thought there was language in the regulations about using the
"time-averaged" annual concentration, but I can't seem to find it. That would prevent
the "bulk" averaging of total activity over total air volume that would result
in Otto's original point.
Thanks for listening.
Barbara L. Hamrick
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