[ RadSafe ] Disposal/Recycle Options for Smoke Detectors

Redmond, Randy (RXQ) redmondrr at y12.doe.gov
Thu Sep 22 15:31:02 CDT 2011

Got this from the NRC several years ago.  There may be position statement on the NRC web-site.
Of course, if the manufacturer is still in business, the best thing to do is to return them.

Randy Redmond
B&W Y-12
Radiological Engineering

-----Original Message-----
From: radsafe-bounces at health.phys.iit.edu [mailto:radsafe-bounces at health.phys.iit.edu] On Behalf Of ProRadCon at aol.com
Sent: Thursday, September 22, 2011 2:36 PM
To: radsafe at health.phys.iit.edu
Subject: [ RadSafe ] Disposal/Recycle Options for Smoke Detectors

We have a client requesting disposal options for two smoke detectors.   
They took it upon themselves to look into options and received something of a  
sticker shock; consequently, I was approached to assist.  See their  
description below.
"We have 2 ionization smoke detectors that we need to get rid of.  Their 
descriptions are as follows: 
-  A 6" (case diameter) unit made  by Ademco, model: 590, serial #E100475. 
Radioactive Material = Ra 226 (.05  microCuries). 

-  An 8" unit made by Pyrotronics  Canada Ltd, model #DU-3. Radioactive 
Material = AM 241 (0.8 microCuries  max)."

My understanding was that such units were distributed, under proper NRC  
exempt distribution licensing, to persons/entities exempt from licensing;  
therefore, they can be disposed as municipal waste.  I fact, I recall  
regulatory guidance (NUREG 1717?) that evaluated the entire life cycle of such  
products from a dose standpoint.
Can someone direct me to either the applicable regulations and/or guidance  
that supports my understanding, or, in the case of my  misunderstanding, to 
viable disposal or recycling options that do  not require the liquidation 
Thanks in advance,
Shane  Brightwell, MS, CHP
Professional Radiation Consulting,  Inc.
7 Balmoral Drive
Pittstown, NJ 08867
Office: (908)  730-9224
Fax: (720) 294-1153
Mobile: (631) 278-0610
E-mail:  proradcon at aol.com

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