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Iran to build more nuke power plants-atomic chief

Note: I will be out of the country Sept. 20 - 29 and there will be no 

news distributions during this time, depending on phone/internet 



Iran to build more nuke power plants-atomic chief

UK should not rescue B.Energy-green group

Work Begins on Hanford Cleanup

Two Nuclear Cargo Ships in Britain

Hitachi asked to falsify report on TEPCO's nuke plant


Iran to build more nuke power plants-atomic chief

TEHRAN, Sept 18 (Reuters) - Iran intends to go ahead and build more 

nuclear power plants despite U.S. accusations the Islamic Republic is 

pursuing weapons of mass destruction, newspapers on Wednesday quoted 

its atomic energy chief as saying.

The new projects would be in addition to a nuclear plant at Bushehr 

on the Gulf coast being built with Russian help, a project that has 

infuriated Washington, which says Iran is part of an "axis of evil" 

alongside Iraq and North Korea.

"Iran has a long-term plan to build more nuclear power plants to 

expand its capacity by 6,000 MW by the next two decades," the Iran 

newspaper quoted the head of Iran's Atomic Enery Organisation, 

Gholamreza Aghazadeh as saying.

Russia approved plans in July to construct up to six more nuclear 

power reactors and expand conventional power stations in the Islamic 

Republic. Iran, the second biggest oil producer in OPEC and with the 

second biggest gas reserves in the world, says the nuclear plant is 

for purely civilian power generation.

"Iran has always condemned access to weapons of mass destruction on 

the part of any country," Aghazadeh said on Monday in a speech at the 

annual conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 


"Iran has always emphasised the full implementation of the Nuclear 

Non-Prolifration Treaty by all IAEA members and criticised those 

countries which have refused to join it," he said.

Aghazadeh welcomed cooperation by other countries in building nuclear 

reactors in Iran and called for greater IAEA participation to ensure 

plant safety.

The United States has heaped criticism on the Bushehr plans despite 

Russian assurances to Washington that its cooperation with Tehran 

would not lead to nuclear proliferation problems.

Iran says Bushehr will be subject to strict monitoring by the 

International Atomic Energy Agency.


UK should not rescue B.Energy-green group

LONDON, Sept 18 (Reuters) - Britain should not offer any more help to 

crisis-hit nuclear generator British Energy and must wind the firm 

up, SERA, an environmental group with links to the ruling Labour 

Party said on Wednesday.

"The government should offer no bailout for British Energy but 

instead force the company into administration," Bill Eyre, chairman 

of SERA, the Socialist Environment and Resources Association, whose 

membership includes over 100 Labour members of parliament and four 

ministers, said in a statement.

"There should be no handout for a lame duck business."

Last week the government gave British Energy, the country's largest 

generator, a 410 million pound ($631.5 million) temporary loan after 

the firm warned it was facing insolvency because of low UK power 


The emergency funding runs out on September 27 and the government has 

yet to decide whether to continue funding the company, which was 

privatised in 1996, or send it into administration.

SERA, said the loan should be repaid immediately with the company 

sent into administration and its nuclear power stations overseas 


Its eight nuclear plants in the UK, which probably could not be sold 

because of because of huge decommissioning and waste management 

liabilities, should be transferred to the new nuclear Liabilities 

Management Authority which is being set up.

SERA said the government's energy policy, due to be detailed in a 

white paper early next year, should focus on phasing out nuclear 

power quickly and boost investment in renewable power and energy 

efficiency measures.

"We believe it is in the best interests of the taxpayer to phase out 

nuclear power rapidly as to do otherwise would lead to mounting 

economic losses that would ultimately fall to the public to pay," 

said Eyres.

Earlier on Wednesday, Dieter Helm, a top academic and an influence in 

government, said UK consumers should be forced to buy nuclear power 

to rescue British Energy and support the struggling nuclear sector.

Helm argued nuclear power should be supported by similar rules to 

those which help green energy by providing a guaranteed market for 

renewable power producers.

British Energy shares continued their relentless slide on Wednesday, 

down another 25 percent to 9-1/2 pence. The stock has lost around 90 

percent of its value since September 6 when the company said it faced 

insolvency and begged the government for help.

Shareholders fear their investment will be wiped out if British 

Energy is allowed to collapse.

The company's bond due 2006 was bid at 40 percent of face value and 

the 2003 bond at 42 percent. Both were up around five points after 

Tuesday's savage drop, triggered by another downgrade of British 

Energy's credit rating.


Work Begins on Hanford Cleanup

RICHLAND, Wash. (AP) - In a scrubby sagebrush desert not far from the 

Columbia River, lethal leftovers from the Cold War era are finally 

about to be cleaned up.

After a decade of fits and starts, construction has begun on a $4 

billion waste treatment complex at the Hanford nuclear reservation, 

the biggest environmental cleanup project in the country.

Environmental advocates say it's none too soon. At least 67 of 

Hanford's 177 underground tanks, some of them decrepit and well past 

their intended service lives, have leaked more than 1 million gallons 

of radioactive brew into the soil.

The waste has contaminated the aquifer, and the tanks are just seven 

miles from the Columbia River, which borders Hanford.

``There's a lot at stake,'' said John Britton, a spokesman for 

Bechtel National, which was hired to rescue the stranded project last 

year after the previous contractor's cost estimates doubled to $15.2 


State regulators have squabbled with the Energy Department over the 

project since the early 1990s, when the department scuttled a plan to 

turn some of the waste into grout and bury it in sealed containers. 

The agencies later argued over missed deadlines and uncertain federal 

budgets, until a kind of detente was achieved.

``Right now our focus is on getting the thing built,'' said Sheryl 

Hutchison, a spokeswoman for the state Department of Ecology.

The new plant will turn radioactive waste from plutonium production 

into more manageable glass cylinders. The process, called 

vitrification, mixes radioactive waste with glass-forming materials, 

then melts them at 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit to make a molten glass 

that is poured into canisters for long-term storage.

The most radioactive glass will end up at some kind of national 

repository, likely Yucca Mountain in Nevada, where it will take 

10,000 years to decay. The less radioactive waste will be buried in 

trenches in the 560-square-mile reservation here.

But exactly how much of the nearly 54 million gallons of radioactive 

waste will be turned into glass is still being debated within the 

Energy Department. The Bush administration wants the agency to study 

less expensive but still effective ways to treat low-activity 

radioactive waste.

``There's a lot of concern they'll not empty those tanks,'' Hutchison 


Another source of concern is an Energy Department plan to reclassify 

some highly radioactive residual waste at several sites, including 

Hanford, which could mean it would be left in the tanks. The Natural 

Resources Defense Council and two Indian tribes are suing the Energy 

Department in federal court in Idaho over the plan.

Roy Schepens, the new manager for the Energy Department's Office of 

River Protection, which is overseeing the project, wouldn't comment 

on the litigation.

But he said he's considering a number of alternatives for low-

activity waste, including a technology that uses superheated steam to 

treat waste and turn it into a cat litter-like substance, and bulk 

vitrification, where waste is turned into glass in an existing 

container rather than transferred to one later.

Any such plans would have to be approved by state regulators.

For now, the focus is on constructing the plant. In 2005, the plant 

should be ready for non-radioactive testing and in 2007, ``hot'' 

testing is scheduled to begin.

Crews at a test facility will use safe, simulated waste to find the 

best way to remove the radioactive mix of liquid, salt cake and 

sludge from the tanks.

Plutonium was made at the site for more than 40 years for the 

nation's nuclear arsenal, including the bomb that was dropped on 

Nagasaki during World War II.

Hutchison said the Energy Department and its contractors are making 

good progress on the cleanup, which is being closely 


The legal decree governing cleanup at Hanford sets a goal of 

retrieving 99 percent of the waste from the tanks, or as much as is 

technically feasible, and treating the waste by 2028.

``I intend to beat the 2028 date,'' Schepens said.

On the Net:

Bechtel River Protection Project: http://www.waste2glass.com

DOE Office of River Protection: http://www.hanford.gov/orp

State Department of Ecology: http://www.ecy.wa.gov


Two Nuclear Cargo Ships in Britain

LONDON (AP) - Two ships loaded with radioactive plutonium completed 

their Japan-to-Britain journey Tuesday, pulling into a 

northwestern English port trailed by environmental protesters' boats.

The Pacific Pintail and the Pacific Teal steamed into Barrow-in-

Furness, near the Sellafield nuclear complex, accompanied by armed 

police boats. Police helicopters hovered overhead.

Workers then unloaded the nuclear cargo onto trains for the short 

trip to Sellafield.

The British Nuclear Fuels Ltd. vessels left Japan on July 4 with a 

load of Sellafield-produced fuel that had been rejected by a 

Japanese nuclear plant. Managers at Sellafield, which recycles 

nuclear waste into usable fuel pellets, admitted their staff 


safety checks on the fuel's manufacture in 1999.

Environmental groups have protested the freighters' journey, saying 

the voyage was too dangerous and the radioactive cargo not 

secure from possible attack. Greenpeace said the ships carried enough 

plutonium to make 50 nuclear bombs.

British Nuclear Fuels disputed the claims, maintaining the shipment 

was safe.


Hitachi asked to falsify report on TEPCO's nuke plant

TOKYO, Sept. 18 (Kyodo) - Hitachi Ltd. was asked to falsify a report 

to cover up cracks in a neutron-measuring device at the No. 4 

reactor of Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s (TEPCO) No. 1 nuclear plant in 

Fukushima Prefecture when it conducted checkups in 1992, 

Hitachi officials said Wednesday.

The electric machinery maker falsified the report at the request of 

TEPCO and handed it to the utility firm, the officials said.

This is one of the 16 cover-ups of defects at nuclear plants, which 

TEPCO admitted were inappropriate in a report of in-house 

investigations released Tuesday.

This is also the first revelation of false reports prepared by a 

company other than General Electric International Inc., the Japan 

unit of 

General Electric Co. of the United States, to which TEPCO had 

outsourced regular inspections.

Hitachi is expected to severely punish those who were involved in the 

falsified report, the officials said.

According to the officials, Hitachi found cracks in one of the 

neutron-measuring devices and reported it to TEPCO.

But TEPCO asked Hitachi to falsify the report to cover this up, 

saying it was unlikely safety would immediately be jeopardized even 

though the nuclear reactor was kept running.

''This should not have happened,'' a Hitachi official said in 

reference to the false report.


Sandy Perle

Director, Technical

ICN Worldwide Dosimetry Service

ICN Plaza, 3300 Hyland Avenue

Costa Mesa, CA 92626

Tel:(714) 545-0100 / (800) 548-5100  Extension 2306

Fax:(714) 668-3149

E-Mail: sandyfl@earthlink.net

E-Mail: sperle@icnpharm.com

Personal Website: http://sandy-travels.com/

ICN Worldwide Dosimetry Website: http://www.dosimetry.com/


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